The dogs which take their name from the island of Newfoundland appeal to all lovers of animals.There are now two established varieties, the black and also the white and black. There are also bronze-coloured dogs, but they are rare. The black range with the Newfoundland is essentially black in colour; but this does not mean that there may be no other colour, for most black Newfoundlands have some white marks. In fact, a white marking about the chest is said to be typical with the true breed. Any white about the head or entire body would place the dog within the other than black range. The black colour ought to preferably be of a dull jet appearance which approximates to brown. In the other than black class, there may be black and tan, bronze, and white and black. The latter predominates, and in this colour, beauty of marking is really essential. The head needs to be black with a white muzzle and blaze, and the body and legs needs to be white with huge patches of black about the saddle and quarters, with possibly other tiny black spots on the body and legs.
Apart from colour, the varieties ought to conform to the same regular. The head needs to be broad and massive, but in no sense heavy in appearance. The muzzle needs to be brief, square, and clean cut, eyes rather wide apart, deep set, dark and tiny, not showing any haw; ears tiny, with close side carriage, covered with fine brief hair (there needs to be no fringe to the ears), expression full of intelligence, dignity, and kindness.
Your body needs to be lengthy, square, and massive, loins strong and well filled; chest deep and broad; legs very straight, somewhat brief in proportion to the length of the body, and powerful, with round bone well covered with muscle; feet huge, round, and close. The tail needs to be only lengthy enough to reach just below the hocks, totally free from kink, and never curled over the back. The high quality with the coat is really essential; the coat needs to be really dense, with a lot of undercoat; the outer coat somewhat harsh and very straight.
The appearance typically ought to indicate a dog of excellent strength, and really active for his build and size, moving freely with the body swung loosely between the legs, which offers a slight roll in gait. As regards size, the Newfoundland Club regular offers 140 lbs. to 120 lbs. weight for a dog, and 110 lbs. to 120 lbs. for a bitch, with an average height at the shoulder of 27 inches and 25 inches respectively; but it’s doubtful whether dogs in appropriate condition do conform to both requirements.
When rearing puppies give them soft food, for instance well-boiled rice and milk, as soon as they will lap, and, shortly afterwards, scraped lean meat. Newfoundland puppies require a lot of meat to induce appropriate growth. The puppies ought to improve in weight at the rate of 3 lbs. a week, and this necessitates a lot of flesh, bone and muscle-forming food, a lot of meat, both raw and cooked. Milk is also great, however it requires to be strengthened with casein. The secret of growing full-sized dogs with a lot of bone and substance is to get a great begin from birth, great feeding, warm, dry quarters, and freedom for the puppies to move about and exercise themselves as they wish. Forced exercise may make them go wrong on their legs. Medicine ought to not be needed except for worms, and also the puppies needs to be physicked for these soon after they are weaned, and again when three or four months old, or before that if they aren’t thriving. If totally free from worms, Newfoundland puppies will be found very hardy, and, under appropriate conditions of food and quarters, they are simple to rear.