Timely dog vaccinations for puppies are essential to protect your pet from deadly diseases. The pet owner should be aware of two main types of dog vaccines: Core and Non-Core. These vaccines offer protection not only to your pet but also indirectly to your family.
A comprehensive approach to understanding vaccination
Vaccines are essential to ensure a long and healthy pet’s life. They help build an immune system and promote healthy behavior. Antigens are similar to disease-causative agents like viruses, bacteria, or fungi and stimulate antibody production. The pet’s immune system can effectively combat any future attacks by real diseases.
- The core vaccines that are essential for all dogs include the Rabies vaccine, Parvovirus and adenovirus, Distemper, Canine Hepatitis, Canine Hepatitis, Canine Hepatitis, Canine Hepatitis, Canine hep A, and adenovirus.
- Non-Core vaccines are only administered in limited cases, depending on the pet’s proximity to shelter homes, kennels, or other areas (exposed) where the animal may be exposed to the disease. Also, the pet’s interaction with other pets/animals infected with it. These include Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella bronchiseptica, and Canine parainfluenza. It is important to consult your vet as they will examine the environment and the health of your pet’s dog, including its breed, age, and health conditions, before giving you the vaccines.
Side effects and risks associated with vaccination. Sometimes there may be swelling or soreness at the site where the shot was given. Side effects include Fever, Lethargy and Diarrhea. Most dogs will not experience any adverse reactions to vaccines. Vaccination is more of a lifeline to the pet, helping them fight disease and prevent future infections. A mild side effect will usually disappear within a few days. However, if your pet has a prolonged reaction, it is important to contact the vet immediately.
Appropriate Vaccination schedule:
The puppy vaccination procedure typically begins at five to six weeks, especially if the mother has been inoculated; otherwise, it could start at four weeks. The mother’s milk is enriched in the necessary antibodies to care for the puppy during its first days. After the puppy has been dewormed for a few weeks, it is necessary to remove hookworms from the stomach and infest the intestines.
At six weeks, the Parvovirus- and Distemper vaccines are administered. The booster shot is given at 7 to 8 weeks old to increase immunity and revive fading immunity.
The pet dog receives a combination vaccine that includes Parvovirus and Leptospirosis, Adenovirus, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza and Bordetella between 8-9 weeks.
Deworming is required at 10-12 weeks of age. A 12-week-old puppy will also need to be vaccinated against anti-rabies.
A combination vaccine is administered at 12 to 15 weeks. This may include non-core vaccines depending on exposure to certain diseases or travel.
A booster dose of Rabies vaccine is recommended for between 15 and 16 weeks. Annual booster shots of the Rabies vaccine are also required (or the period prescribed by the state/local laws).
Every three to four months, the pet should be dewormed.
Core vaccines must be administered after the first year or as directed by the veterinarian.
The vet can help you to determine the right inoculation chart based on your dog’s daily life, health, and frequency of travel to different parts of the country. Your veterinarian will determine if your dog needs any non-core vaccines and the time they are required.
A regular check-up is important in diagnosing and treating any illness. Titer tests can be used to determine the number of anti-bodies in the blood that are fighting a specific disease or infection. This allows you to vaccinate your dog in a controlled way only when necessary.