Guinea pigs, often known as cavy, are a species of rodents coming from the Andes, a group of mountains inside South America. Precisely how it finished up being known as a Guinea pig when it is not really a pig neither is it from Guinea, is a big question.
Cavies are docile in nature; they are a social animal and they seldom bite even when they are tense.
Their receptiveness to handling and feeding, plus the relative ease of caring for them, makes them a common pet.
Domesticated cavies come in various breeds, which have been developed since their introduction to Europe and North America. Since their introduction to the United States and Europe, developing new guinea pig breeds gears toward development of attractive and appealing household pets.
Below are some common breeds:
The American or earlier known as referred to as English guinea pig is considered the most common, also they are the most ancient breed of cavy. The great thing regarding this Guinea pig due to its short and shiny coat is its low maintenance. Additionally it is easy to handle due to its tame temperament.
The Abyssinian guinea pig incorporates a rather unique look. The coat is a number of swirls of hair often called cow licked rosettes. The best Abyssinian features 10 rosettes, one on each shoulder, four on its back, one on each of the animal’s hips, and two found on the bum.
The Peruvian breed boasts a very soft and straight coat which grows to many inches in length. These kind of cavy breeds demand a large amount of combing due to the long hair, making it more difficult to take care of. The Himalayan guinea pig comes from Southeast Asia and it is similar to the Siamese cat in coat. Himalayans’ coat darkens depending on the temperature.
A Silkie or Sheltie has a silky and very long coat that smoothly flows back over its body and never forward over the face ( as in the Peruvian). In comparison to the well-known Peruvian, the Silkie’s soft coat fails to part, at least naturally, along the back. The hair continues to grow backwards from the head. The Sheltie is commonly expected to have a fairly longer sweep of hair on the back.
The Teddy is a short-haired guinea pig associated with a short dense coat with bent (kinked) hair streaks that makes the coat stand on end, giving a really fuzzy appearance.
You can also find many different color kinds of guinea pigs, in addition to the normal guinea pig breeds. The common colors are below:
Self: This guinea pig just possesses one color, thus it might be entirely white or black or some kind of other color. This is certainly the most widespread colors for guinea pigs. An all-black color cavy is referred to as self-black.
Agouti: Alternative light and dark strands of color on each hair; the hair root base color differs from the end. Normally, this kind of color is found in short-coated guinea pigs.
Solid: This really is much like the Agoutis, but its tummy is marked as well.
Tortoiseshell: This guinea pig is really a blend of black and red; just like the Dalmatian, it comes with patches.
Brindle: Black and red series hair colors usually are equally mixed all through their coats.
Albino: This is certainly probably the most typical colors for guinea pigs. It is white together with pink eyes.
Dalmatian: Much like its dog counterpart, this pig has a white body with dark-colored patches or spots.
Himalayan: The color of the Himalayan’s body is white-colored, while brown or black is the color of its nose and feet. The color of the eyes is either black or pink.
If you are considering buying a guinea pig as a family pet, there are plenty of other breeds you can actually pick from. As opposed to purchasing a cavy, adoption is the better alternative.