Recently, I have discussed the lovable and endearing petcalled the guinea pig. I discussed where it originated, its attitude, attributes and how to look after it as a pet. Charming as it is, they are vegetarian. Apart from giving it sufficient food, proper shelter and tender loving care, an owner must know the things that should be considered when having a guinea pig at home.
As rodents, guinea pigs are considered large weighing approximately 700 and 1200 grams or 1.5 to 2.5 pounds and measuring around 20 to 25 centimeters (8 to 10 ins) long. Generally, they will live typically 4 – 5 yrs, yet may live much longer, around 8 yrs. The longest living guinea pig, however, existed for Fourteen yrs, TEN and 1 / 2 months in accordance with Guinness World Records.
Would you picture how responsible the owner of this animal was for having his or her guinea pig live so long?
For someone to take good care of these small animals, illnesses and diseases should be known and explored for preparation purposes. The very first thing you need to remember; guinea pigs usually usually do not flourish when mixed with various other species. Mixing them in a single cage together with other rodents like hamsters and gerbils may raise the likelihood of respiratory system difficulties along with other bacterial infections. They might also be considered by some other bigger creatures as prey because of their size.
Dialogue over combining rabbits along with guinea pigs in a single dwelling has led to a 50/50 divide. Some resources state these two complement each other. In simple terms, these two creatures do not have the same nutritional requirements which means, they cannot be fed with the same food. The very small breed rabbits may be okay to put in with a guinea pig, but other breeds could kill a guinea pig with one kick.
These are the types of guinea pig diseases. Commonly, domestic guinea pigs might suffer with respiratory tract infections, scurvy (deficient in Vitamin C which is typically characterized by sluggishness), abscesses due to infection (often in the neck, due to hay embedded in the throat, or from external scratches), diarrhea, and infections by lice, fungus or mites which usually are typical reasons for hair thinning. A few symptoms of mites incorporate extreme scratching, abnormally aggressive behavior when handled (because of pain) and seizures in some instances. They can in addition have problems with “running lice”, a tiny, white-colored insect which may be observed moving through the hair. Their eggs, which show up as black or white dots attached to the hair, are often known as “static lice”.
Hormonal problems due to underlying medical conditions for instance ovarian cysts may also result in hair thinning. Blinking, tearing, and perhaps an opaque film on the eye because of corneal ulcer might be caused by hay or even straw. Dust may also trigger sneezing. Although it is typical for guinea pigs to sneeze occasionally, frequent sneezing isn’t normal. It might be an indicator of pneumonia, especially in response to atmospheric changes. Pneumonia may also be accompanied by torticollis (a dystonic condition defined by an abnormal, asymmetrical head or neck position) and can be fatal.
If at any time you think that your guinea pig is not right, then take it to a vet as soon as you can. Due to the size of these animals, time is something they do not have much of when ill.